Publications

Mathematical model of oxygen, nutrient, and drug transport in tuberculosis granulomas.

Date Published: February 9, 2024
Physiological abnormalities in pulmonary granulomas-pathological hallmarks of tuberculosis (TB)-compromise the transport of oxygen, nutrients, and drugs. In prior studies, we demonstrated mathematically and experimentally that hypoxia and necrosis emerge in the granuloma microenvironment (GME) as a direct result of limited oxygen availability. Building on our initial model of avascular oxygen…

The heme oxygenase-1 metalloporphyrin inhibitor stannsoporfin enhances the bactericidal activity of a novel regimen for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in a murine model.

Date Published: February 7, 2024
Multidrug-resistant (MDR) (Mtb) poses significant challenges to global tuberculosis (TB) control efforts. Host-directed therapies (HDTs) offer a novel approach to TB treatment by enhancing immune-mediated clearance of Mtb. Prior preclinical studies found that the inhibition of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), an enzyme involved in heme metabolism, with tin-protoporphyrin IX (SnPP) significantly…

CpsA mediates infection of recruited lung myeloid cells by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Date Published: January 23, 2024
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) possesses an arsenal of virulence factors to evade host immunity. Previously, we showed that the Mtb protein CpsA, which protects Mtb against the host NADPH oxidase, is required in mice during the first 3 weeks of infection but is thereafter dispensable for full virulence. Using flow cytometry, we…

Synthesis and structure-activity relationships of aryl fluorosulfate-based inhibitors as novel antitubercular agents.

Date Published: January 15, 2024
To identify new compounds that can effectively inhibit Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), we screened, synthesized, and evaluated a series of novel aryl fluorosulfate derivatives for their in vitro inhibitory activity against Mtb. Compound 21b exhibited an in vitro minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 0.06 µM against…

A preclinical model of TB meningitis to determine drug penetration and activity at the sites of disease.

Date Published: December 14, 2023
Tuberculosis meningitis (TBM) is essentially treated with the first-line regimen used against pulmonary tuberculosis, with a prolonged continuation phase. However, clinical outcomes are poor in comparison, for reasons that are only partially understood, highlighting the need for improved preclinical tools to measure drug distribution and activity at the site of…

Contezolid can replace linezolid in a novel combination with bedaquiline and pretomanid in a murine model of tuberculosis.

Date Published: December 14, 2023
Contezolid is a new oxazolidinone with and activity against comparable to that of linezolid. Pre-clinical and clinical safety studies suggest it may be less toxic than linezolid, making contezolid a potential candidate to replace linezolid in the treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis. We evaluated the dose-ranging activity of contezolid, alone and…

Drug distribution and efficacy of the DprE1 inhibitor BTZ-043 in the C3HeB/FeJ mouse tuberculosis model.

Date Published: November 15, 2023
BTZ-043, a suicide inhibitor of the cell wall synthesis decaprenylphosphoryl-beta-D-ribose 2′ epimerase, is under clinical development as a potential new anti-tuberculosis agent. BTZ-043 is potent and bactericidal but has limited activity against non-growing bacilli in rabbit caseum. To better understand its behavior , BTZ-043 was evaluated for efficacy and spatial…

Benzene Amide Ether Scaffold is Active against Non-replicating and Intracellular .

Date Published: October 13, 2023
New drugs to treat tuberculosis which target intractable bacterial populations are required to develop shorter and more effective treatment regimens. The benzene amide ether scaffold has activity against intracellular , but low activity against extracellular, actively replicating . We determined that these molecules have bactericidal activity against non-replicating but not…
Courtesy of the U.S. National Library of Medicine