Structure-activity relationship analyses of fusidic acid derivatives highlight crucial role of the C-21 carboxylic acid moiety to its anti-mycobacterial activity.

Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry, Volume: 28, Issue: 13
July 1, 2020
Kawaljit Singh K, Gurminder Kaur G, Petrus Siningu Shanika PS, Godwin Akpeko Dziwornu GA, John Okombo J, Kelly Chibale K

Fusidic acid (FA) is a potent congener of the fusidane triterpenoid class of antibiotics. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies suggest the chemical structure of FA is optimal for its antibacterial activity. SAR studies from our group within the context of a drug repositioning approach in tuberculosis (TB) suggest that, as with its antibacterial activity, the C-21 carboxylic acid group is indispensable for its anti-mycobacterial activity. Further studies have led to the identification of 16-deacetoxy-16β-ethoxyfusidic acid (58), an analog which exhibited comparable activity to FA with an in vitro MIC value of 0.8 µM. Preliminary SAR studies around the FA scaffold suggested that the hydrophobic side chain at C-20, like the C-11 OH group, was required for activity. The C-3 OH group, however, can be functionalized to obtain more potent compounds.