Preclinical Evaluation of Inhalational Spectinamide-1599 Therapy against Tuberculosis.

ACS infectious diseases, Volume: 7, Issue: 10
October 8, 2021
Mercedes Gonzalez-Juarrero M, Pradeep B Lukka PB, Santosh Wagh S, Amanda Walz A, Jennifer Arab J, Camron Pearce C, Zohaib Ali Z, Josiah T Ryman JT, Keyur Parmar K, Zaid Temrikar Z, Juan Munoz-Gutierrez J, Gregory T Robertson GT, Jiuyu Liu J, Anne J Lenaerts AJ, Charles Daley C, Richard E Lee RE, Miriam Braunstein M, Anthony J Hickey AJ, Bernd Meibohm B

The lengthy treatment time for tuberculosis (TB) is a primary cause for the emergence of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB). One approach to improve TB therapy is to develop an inhalational TB therapy that when administered in combination with oral TB drugs eases and shortens treatment. Spectinamides are new semisynthetic analogues of spectinomycin with excellent activity against (), including MDR and XDR strains. Spectinamide-1599 was chosen as a promising candidate for development of inhalational therapy. Using the murine TB model and intrapulmonary aerosol delivery of spectinamide-1599, we characterized the pharmacokinetics and efficacy of this therapy in BALB/c and C3HeB/FeJ mice infected with the Erdman strain. As expected, spectinamide-1599 exhibited dose-dependent exposure in plasma, lungs, and ELF, but exposure ratios between lung and plasma were 12-40 times higher for intrapulmonary compared to intravenous or subcutaneous administration. In chronically infected BALB/c mice, low doses (10 mg/kg) of spectinamide-1599 when administered thrice weekly for two months provide efficacy similar to that of higher doses (50-100 mg/kg) after one month of therapy. In the C3HeB/FeJ TB model, intrapulmonary aerosol delivery of spectinamide-1599 (50 mg/kg) or oral pyrazinamide (150 mg/kg) had limited or no efficacy in monotherapy, but when both drugs were given in combination, a synergistic effect with superior bacterial reduction of >1.8 log CFU was observed. Throughout the up to eight-week treatment period, intrapulmonary therapy was well-tolerated without any overt toxicity. Overall, these results strongly support the further development of intrapulmonary spectinamide-1599 as a combination partner for anti-TB therapy.

Courtesy of the U.S. National Library of Medicine